Inside USA Basketball
Based in Colorado Springs, Colo., USA Basketball is a nonprofit organization and the national governing body for men's and women's basketball in the United States. As the recognized governing body for basketball in the United States by the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) and the United States Olympic Committee (USOC), USA Basketball is responsible for the selection, training and fielding of USA teams that compete in FIBA sponsored international basketball competitions, as well as for some national competitions.
USA Basketball is an organization made up of organizations. There are five member categories:
- National Basketball Association
- National Basketball Association Development League
- Women's National Basketball Association
- National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics
- National Collegiate Athletic Association
- National Junior College Athletic Association
- National Federation of State High School Associations
- Amateur Athletic Union.
- Athletes In Action
- Basketball Travelers
- College Commissioners Association
- Harlem Globetrotters
- Latin-American Basketball League of Los Angeles
- National Association of Basketball Coaches
- National Basketball Players Association
- National Junior College Basketball Coach Association
- National Junior College Women's Coach Association
- National Wheelchair Basketball Association
- USA Deaf Sports Federation
- United States Armed Forces
- Women's Basketball Coaches Association.
USA Basketball was organized in 1974 and known as the Amateur Basketball Association of the United States of America (ABAUSA). The name change to USA Basketball occurred Oct. 12, 1989, shortly after FIBA modified its rules to allow professional basketball players to participate in international competitions. USA Basketball then admitted the NBA as an active member and made the change.
USA Basketball is governed by an 11-member Board of Directors. Jerry Colangelo, 2005-2016 USA Basketball Menís National Team Managing Director, serves as Chairman of the USA Basketball Board of Directors for a second quadrennium. Also members of the Board of Directors are NBA appointees Kim Bohuny, NBA Senior Vice President, Basketball Operations- International; Mark Tatum, NBA Executive Vice President of Global Marketing Partnerships; NCAA appointees Dan Gavitt, NCAA Vice President of Menís Basketball Championships; Mark Lewis, NCAA Vice President of Championships and Alliances; Chris Plonsky, University of Texas Women's Athletics Director and Senior Associate Athletic Director of Men's/Women's Athletics External Services; Scholastic Director Bob Gardner, Executive Director, National Federation of State High School Associations; At-large/ Independent Director Billy Hunter, Executive Director of the National Basketball Players Association; National Organizations Representative Jim Carr, NAIA President and Chief Executive Director; and athlete representatives Chauncey Billups, 2010 World Championship gold medalist and three-time Olympic gold medalist Katie Smith.
Serving since January 2001 as USA Basketball's Executive Director/CEO is Jim Tooley, who has been with USA Basketball since 1993.
During the 2009-12 quadrennium, 1273 men and women players and 235 coaches participated in USA Basketball, including the USA Basketball 3x3 FIBA championships, USA Basketball trials and USA teams.†
Between 2009-12, USA Basketball men's and women's teams compiled an impressive 264-35 win-loss record in FIBA and FIBA Americas competitions, the Pan American Games, the World University Games, the Nike Hoop Summit and in exhibition games. USA teams are the current men's and women's champions in the Olympics, men's and women's FIBA World Championships; womenís FIBA U19 World Champions; men's and women's FIBA U17 World Champions; and the men's and women's U18 and U16 FIBA Americas Championships.
USA teams are the current men's and women's champions in the Olympics; men's and women's FIBA World Championships; menís and womenís FIBA U19 World Championships; men's and women's FIBA U17 World Championships; men's and women's U18 and U16 FIBA Americas Championships, and FIBA 3x3 Womenís World Championship and FIBA 3x3 Womenís U18 World Championship.
USA Basketball also currently ranks No. 1 in all five of FIBA's world ranking categories, including combined, men's, women's, boys and girls.
Competitions in which USA teams regularly compete include the Olympics, FIBA World Championships, FIBA Americas Championships, Pan American Games, World University Games, FIBA U19 and U17 World Championships, FIBA Americas U18 and U16 Championships, the Nike Hoop Summit and FIBA 3x3 World Championships.
USA Basketball also sanctions U.S. basketball team tours of foreign countries and foreign basketball team tours of the U.S., as well as oversees the certification of FIBA and USA Basketball officials and the assignment of those officials to international competitions, and the licensing of players to play professionally overseas.
A brief synopsis of the various competitions USA Basketball teams participate in includes:
Men's and women's Olympic basketball competition is held every four years (2016, 2020, etc.). For a second consecutive Olympics, the USA captured double gold at the 2012 London Olympics with both the menís and womenís teams compiling unblemished 8-0 records. The USA men have captured the gold in 14 of the 17 Olympics they have competed in and compiled an incredible 130-5 record. The USA women have earned the gold in five consecutive Olympics and boast of a sterling 50-3 record. The 2016 Summer Olympic Games will be held Aug. 5-21 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
FIBA World Cup/World Championship
The FIBA Basketball World Cup, known from 1950 until 2010 as the FIBA World Championship, is the flagship event of FIBA competitions. Held every four years, 24 countries compete in the World Cup for Men and 16 teams participate in the World Championship for Women. The USA swept double-gold in 2010. The 2014 World Cup for Men will be held in Spain, while the womenís World Championship is slated for Turkey.
Pan American Games
Started in 1951 for men and 1955 for women, the Pan American Games are held every four years (2015, 2019, etc.) in the year preceding the Olympics. Countries from FIBA Americas are eligible to compete. The USA men have an 87-15 overall record, winning eight of a possible 16 gold medals, while the USA women have won seven of 14 gold medals, including 2007, and own a 74-14 record. The 2015 Pan American Games are slated to be held in Toronto, Canada.
World University Games
The World University Games are held for men and women every two years (2015, 2017, etc.), only current university student-athletes or recent graduates are eligible. The USA men in 21 appearances have collected 13 gold, three silver and three bronze medals, and the women in 17 appearances have won nine gold, six silver and one bronze medal. The 2015 World University Games will be held in Gwangju, China.
U19 / U18 Championships
USA Basketball also fields men's and women's national teams for players 19-years-old or younger. FIBA now holds U19 World Championships every two years (2015, 2017, etc.). In 2013 the USA women finished 9-0 to capture gold, the USA men likewise compiled a 9-0 record to earn gold. USA Basketball also fields teams featuring players 18-years-old or younger for FIBA Americas Zone U18 championships (2014, 2016, etc.).
U17 / U16 Championships
FIBA initiated in 2010 the U17 World Championships for players 17-years-old or younger and now holds the event every two years (2014, 2016, etc.). In 2012 USA Basketball men's and women's teams both returned home with gold medals. USA Basketball also selects national teams featuring players 16-years-old or younger for FIBA Americas Zone U16 qualifying tournaments that will be held in 2015, 2017, etc.
Nike Hoop Summit
The Nike Hoop Summit is the country's premiere annual basketball game featuring America's top male high school aged players taking on a World Select Team comprised of top players 19-years-old or younger from around the world. Played each April, the USA enjoys a 11-5 series lead. First contested in 1995, the 2014 Nike Hoop Summit will be played on April 12 at the Rose Garden in Portland, Oregon.
3x3 World Championships
FIBA in 2012 conducted the inaugural 3x3 World Championship for men and women in Athens, Greece, and is planning on holding the 3x3 Worlds every other year (2014, 2016, etc.). In 2012 the USA women went undefeated to win the gold medal with a 9-0 mark, while the USA men finished with a 5-2 record and in seventh place. Further, FIBA includes skills competitions in the three-day event with a skills challenge, dunk contest and shootout. The USA's Skylar Diggins won the silver medal in the skills contest and Adesanya Adetayo won the silver medal in the dunk contest in 2012. The FIBA 3x3 World Championship is open to athletes of all ages.
3x3 U18 World Championships
FIBA initiated 3x3 competitions in 2010 and now conducts 3x3 World Championships and 3x3 U18 World Championships for men and women. The USA women won gold in the 2013 3x3 U18 World Championship and 2012 3x3 World Championship.
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