Originally known as the FIBA Junior World Championship, FIBA changed the names of its age-based world championships in 2005 to reflect the age of eligibility, and modified the names of all of its world championships to world cups. The tournament was held every four years starting in 1985. FIBA in 2005 changed its calendar and now conducts the U19 World Cup every other year. USA women's teams are 79-13 in U19/Junior World Cups, capturing a sixth-consecutive gold in 2015 with a 7-0 record. In 2017, USA Basketball fell four points short against Russia in the gold medal game in an attempt to capture a seventh-straight gold medal.
USA women's teams are 79-13 in the FIBA U19/Junior World Cups and since capturing its first medal at the event -- gold in 1997 -- the USA boasts an incredible 67-5 record over the past nine editions of the event.
Nine USA U19 athletes have advanced to compete in the Olympic Games, including Tamika Catchings (1997), Lisa Leslie (1989), Rebecca Lobo (1993), Maya Moore (2007), Cappie Pondexter (2001), Katie Smith (1993), Dawn Staley (1989), Breanna Stewart (2011 and MVP of the 2013 U19 World Championship) and Diana Taurasi (2001). Other notable USA U19 athletes include: Angela Aycock (1993), Alana Beard (2001), Essence Carson (2005), Crystal Dangerfield (2015, 2017), Bria Hartley (2011), Crystal Langhorne (2005), Erlana Larkins (2005), Jantel Lavender (2007), Nnemkadi Ogwumike (2009), Vickie Orr (1985), Courtney Paris (2005), Azurá Stevens (2015), Morgan Tuck (2011 and 2013) and A’ja Wilson (2013 and MVP of the 2015 U19 World Championship).