Originally known as the FIBA Junior World Championship, FIBA changed the names of its age-based world championships in 2005 to reflect the age of eligibility, and modified the names of all of its world championships to world cups. The tournament was held every four years starting in 1985. FIBA in 2005 changed its calendar and now conducts the U19 World Cup every other year. USA women's teams are 79-13 in U19/Junior World Cups, capturing a sixth-consecutive gold in 2015 with a 7-0 record. In 2017, USA Basketball fell four points short against Russia in the gold medal game in an attempt to capture a seventh-straight gold medal. The 2019 U19 World Cup will be held July 20-28 in Bangkok, Thailand.
Sixteen USA U19 athletes have advanced to compete in the Olympic Games and/or FIBA World Cup, including Alana Beard (2006), Tamika Catchings (1997), Layshia Clarendon (2009), Sonja Henning (1989), Lisa Leslie (1989), Rebecca Lobo (1993), Maya Moore (2007), Nneka Ogwumike (MVP of the 2009 U19 World Cup), Vickie Orr (1985), Cappie Pondexter (2001), Katie Smith (1993), Dawn Staley (1989), Breanna Stewart (2011 and MVP of the 2013 U19 World Cup), Diana Taurasi (2001), Morgan Tuck (2011 and 2013) and A’ja Wilson (2013 and MVP of the 2015 U19 World Cup).