Originally known as the FIBA Junior World Championship, FIBA changed the names of its age-based world championships in 2005 to reflect the age of eligibility, and modified the names of all of its world championships to world cups. The tournament was held every four years starting in 1985. FIBA in 2005 changed its calendar and now conducts the U19 World Cup every other year. The next FIBA U19 World Cup will be held in 2021.
USA women's teams have won eight gold medals, one silver medal and one bronze medal while compiling an 86-13 overall record in U19/Junior World Cup play since the event was launched in 1985. Even more impressive, the USA has posted a 62-3 record and won seven of the past eight U19 golds since 2005.
Sixteen USA U19 athletes have advanced to compete in the Olympic Games and/or FIBA World Cup, including Alana Beard (2006), Tamika Catchings (1997), Layshia Clarendon (2009), Sonja Henning (1989), Lisa Leslie (1989), Rebecca Lobo (1993), Maya Moore (2007), Nneka Ogwumike (MVP of the 2009 U19 World Cup), Vickie Orr (1985), Cappie Pondexter (2001), Katie Smith (1993), Dawn Staley (1989), Breanna Stewart (2011 and MVP of the 2013 U19 World Cup), Diana Taurasi (2001), Morgan Tuck (2011 and 2013) and A’ja Wilson (2013 and MVP of the 2015 U19 World Cup).